Aluminium alloy general information introduction to. A wide range of physical and mechanical properties is afforded by these alloys. Electronic configuration of aluminium is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 1. Thermal expansion data in table 3 were determined on fully heattreated material.
The following specification data sheets are provided as pdf files. However, the curich precipitations al2cu intermetallic particles present in. The above table shows some of the common alloys available that capalex can extrude. Designation systems for wrought aluminium, wrought. Selecting the right alloy for a given application entails considerations of its tensile strength, density, ductility, formability, workability, weldability, and corrosion resistance, to name a few. The 8 xxx series alloys may contain appreciable amounts of tin, lithium, andor iron. Aluminum alloys safety data sheet according to federal register vol. Aluminum alloy selection and applications this monograph contains an outstanding introductory description of the properties of wrought and cast aluminum alloys and the enormous variety of their applications. For example, steel has very different mechanical properties from pure iron. Nimonic alloy 263 is normally given a twostage heat treatment, that is, solution treatment and age. Alloy data sheet en aw6082 alsi1mgmn nedal aluminium. Solution treated and artificially aged to achieve the t6 condition or with the addition of controlled stretching to achieve the t6511 temper.
Aluminium is the worlds most abundant metal and is the third most common element, comprising 8% of the earths crust. Reserved for future use wrought alloys that constitute heattreatable precipitationhardenable aluminum alloys include the 2xxx, 6xxx, 7xxx, and some of the 8xxx alloys. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of aluminium content on microstructure, tensile properties and work hardenability of mgalzn alloys. They also determine or dictate specific manufacturing. Uk aluminium industry fact sheet 6 aluminium the metal. May 08, 20 the principal alloying ingredients in aluminium aluminum alloys include manganese, magnesium, copper, zinc and silicon. Properties given are typical and should only be used for comparisons of alloys. The alloy is produced as bar, plate, tube and is also available as clad sheet and strip. Ferrous metals composition, properties and uses of some. Alloy systems are classified by a number system or by names indicating their main alloying constituents din and iso. Effect of aluminium content on the tensile properties of.
Gysler technical university hamburgharburg, hamburg, germany general electric aircraft engines, cincinnati, oh, usa 1. Tensile properties at 780c for plain and welded coldrolled sheet 1. Handbook on the material properties of fecral alloys for. Aluminium is easily recycled, and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of quality, making it a highly sustainable material. Designation systems for wrought aluminium, wrought aluminium alloys, casting alloys and other metallurgical aspects the fourdigit designation system for the identification of wrought aluminium and wrought aluminium alloys this system is a fourdigit numerical system in which the first digit indicates the alloy group as follows. The short time elevated temperature tensile properties of alloy 625 annealed at 1 950 f 1 066 c are shown in the following graph. About 22 million t is newly manufactured aluminium and 7 million t is recycled aluminium scrap. This quality has been utilized for imprint the civilization and history of mankind for thousands of years called bronze age. Learn in detail about aluminium and its properties at byjus. Excellent weldability and fair weld strength of 120 mpa. Download generated pdffile 1mb view ultra range datasheet. This treatment provides the alloys with medium to high strength, a good corrosion resistance even when used close to the sea, and also allows the use of welding.
Mechanical properties of aluminium alloys may change during storage even at operation temperature of approx. History, properties and alloys the history of the light metal industry, as that of many other industries in this century, is one of notable and ever accelerating expansion and development. Also available, the properties of aluminum alloys cdrom for microsoft access 97. Properties of aluminium and its alloys publication year 2014 document status latest version of document. An alloy is a metal parent metal combined with other substances alloying agents,resulting in superior properties such as. A pure metal is an element eg iron, copper, gold unalloyed not mixed with another substance. Apr 29, 2015 aluminum alloys contain a wide range of chemical compositions and tempers, even within the same alloy family e. There again, advanced creep and fatigue properties, as well as microstructural stability at elevated temperatures are key. The structure and properties of steel steel is an alloy system consisting of iron and carbon and is a basic industrial material. Aluminium magnesium alloys are both lighter than other aluminium alloys and much less flammable than other alloys that contain a very high percentage of magnesium. Fatigue data and the effects of temperature, product form, and processing asm international. Often called a free machining alloy or fma it is well suited to use in automatic lathes. Typical at 68f thermal properties cte, linear 68f 23. Cu series alloys are the most widely used heat treatable alloys for the aircraft materials, machine parts, and structural materials mainly due to their high strength to weight ratio and good mechanical properties.
Actual values will depend on selection specifi cation. The book first covers the traits of pure and commercial aluminum, which include the composition, physical and thermal properties, and radiation. To assess thermally deteriorated mechanical properties of basket materials after longterm storage 60 years, two kinds of approaches were proposed. There are about a bazillion different kinds of steel, each with different impurities mixed in to give specific mechanical properties, optimizing strength, fatigue life, corrosion resistance, etc. Excellent corrosion resistance applicaons used as filler material. Aluminium alloys general physical properties of the aluminium alloys the 6000 series has good extrusion properties and can be subjected to heat treatment at extrusion temperature. Properties and characteristics of aluminum and aluminum alloys. Properties of aluminium al the properties of aluminium includes physical properties and chemical properties.
Introduction to aluminium aluminium data sheet and aluminium. Common extrusion aluminium alloys and their properties useful information standard gauge swg to metric conversion table. All alloys are light in weight, yet some have strengths greater than that of. This cuts the costs of manufacturing with aluminum. Ultra alloy 825 stainless steel grade details outokumpu. Mechanical properties data for selected aluminum alloys limited mechanical properties data for several selected aluminum alloys are compiled in this appendix. Other measurable properties also play a key role in aluminum alloy application, affecting usability and alloy price. Contents of thepresentation1 properties of al2 application of al3 limitations of al pure4 alloys of al5 properties of al alloys6 application of al alloys7 application of al alloys in oil and gas sector8 classification of al alloys the appearance of aluminum ranges from ranging from silvery to. Relatively new aluminumalloysincludedare7033,alli8090and 2090, rapidly solidi. Binary aluminiumsilicon alloys combine the advantages of high corrosion. The versatility of aluminium makes it the most widely used metal after steel. Of all the elements zinc has the greatest solid solubility in important aluminium base alloys as revealed by in aluminium with a maximum of 664 atomic per cent, such studies and their effect on properties of technowhile magnesium, copper and silicon have much lower logical importance.
Aluminum is a very light metal with a specific weight of 2. Both ferrous and nonferrous metals are divided into pure metals and alloys. Copper and tin uses to make bronze, an important alloy harder than copper. Alloy properties are what determine tolerance to harsh operating environments, damage resistance, lifecycle estimates, weldability, and overall performance. Aluminium alloys with a wide range of properties are used in engineering structures. Overview of aluminum alloy mechanical properties during and. Again, its use in vehicles reduces deadweight and energy consumption while increasing load capacity. From transportation and packing to construction,infrastructure and aerospace, the versatility of aluminum as a practical material is amply. Introduction to aluminium aluminium data sheet and. Aluminium aluminum 7020 alloy is a heat treatable wrought alloy. Designation systems for wrought aluminium, wrought aluminium. Aluminium the metal 2 aluminium is strong and ductile, properties that, combined with low density, have resulted in extensive use of aluminium in transport applications.
Thus, the elevated temperature mechanical properties required to analyze and model the structural response must be measured for the specific aluminum alloy of interest. The properties of 7010 aluminum include ten common variations. This quality has been utilized for imprint the civilization and history of. Aluminum alloys are second only to steels in use as structural metals. Chapter 1 microstructure and mechanical properties of titanium alloys g. Overview of aluminum alloy mechanical properties during. Machining at high speeds produces fine chips that are easily removed. Structure and properties is a reference book that provides a concise description of the practical aspects of structures and properties of aluminum alloys. Although aluminium compounds have been used for thousands of years, aluminium metal was first produced around 170 years ago. University of groningen plasticity in aluminum alloys at. For applications requiring high strength and hardness plus corrosion resistance, this alloy is. Microstructure observation revealed that higher aluminium content. Various alloys have different properties like strength, malleability, visual attractiveness etc.
Mechanical properties data for selected aluminum alloys. As with wrought alloys, casting alloys may also be divided into those with are nonheat treatable and those which are heat treatable. An alloy is a mixture of two or more elements eg, iron and carbon to make another metal with particular properties eg steel. Proceedings of the 2003 international symposium on liquid metals guest editors. More modulus values can be found in the section on. Parts for overhead contact lines, automotive parts, hydraulic parts for aircraft, etc. Aluminium is a prominent group element, a member of the boron family. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the data provided, capalex does not guarantee or accept liability for its accuracy. There are few people today who are not familiar with at least some modern application of aluminium and its alloys.
Some physical properties for nimonic alloy 75 are given in tables 24. For many commercial al alloys, the desirable mechanical properties are developed by adding alloys and applying heat treatment to heterogeneous microstructures. An introduction to chemical properties of aluminium and reaction of aluminium with acids, air, and alkalis. The following typical properties are not guaranteed since in most cases they are averages for various sizes and methods of manufacture and may not be exactly representative of any particular product or size. Common extrusion aluminium alloys and their properties.
Certaln general properties related to the use of aluminum, as. The data is intended for comparing alloys and tempers and should not be used for design purposes. All alloys are light in weight, yet some have strengths greater than that of structural steel. Metallurgy and properties of zr alloys for nuclear applications. Properties and characteristics of aluminum and aluminum. Chapter 8 the structures and properties of metals and alloys. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below.
This also reduces noise and improves comfort levels. Surface composition and corrosion behavior of an alcu alloy. Cases and covers with small thickness and complicated shapes. The market for aluminium aluminum and its alloys is huge. Materials alloys steel alloy steel aisi 4 materials alloys aluminum alloy cast a356. Alloys in which copper is the principal alloying element. The other alloying elements such as copper and magnesium are specified. Buy both the properties of aluminum alloys book and the singleworkstation cdrom and save. Much of the development has been through insight gained by experience. Different types of alloys and its properties an introduction.
Aluminum and its alloys properties and applications 2. Controlled unalloyed pure compositions, especially for rotor manufacture 2xx. Introduction to aluminium and aluminium alloys aluminium alloys a unique combination of properties puts aluminium and its alloys among our most versatile engineering and construction materials. There are few people today who are not familiar with at least some modern. Properties haz buckling welding bolting summary steel reference material omodulus of elasticity e 70 000 nmm 2 oshear modulus g 27 000 nmm 2 opoissons ratio. The alloy en aw6082 is a high strength alloy for highly loaded structural. The following is a range of improved properties in alloy steels as compared to carbon. Aluminum is the most widelyused metal because of its high strengthtoweight ratio, easy fabrication, corrosion resistance, high electrical conductivity, high thermal conductivity, toughness at. Alloys with silicon as a major alloying element are by far the most important commercial casting alloys, primarily because of their superior casting characteristics in comparison to other alloys. Binary aluminium silicon alloys combine the advantages of high corrosion.
Introduction titanium was first identified as a new and unknown metallic element by gregor in. Chemical composition and properties of aluminum alloys. Alloys in which silicon is the principal alloying element. Aluminium alloy data sheet 3003 revised october 20 page 1 of 3 au alloy 3003 is a nonheattreatable 1. Aluminium alloy 2011 is a high mechanical strength alloy that machines exceptionally well. Aluminum alloys contain a wide range of chemical compositions and tempers, even within the same alloy family e. The tables of mechanical properties in chapter 4 show rated fracture strengths of aluminum and aluminumalloy conductors as single wires or as stranded cables, or in combination with steel reinforcing wires for acsr alumi numconductor steelreinforced or with highstrength aluminumalloy reinforcement for acar aluminum. Jun 04, 2002 aluminum is a very light metal with a specific weight of 2. To assess thermally deteriorated mechanical properties of basket materials after longterm storage 60 years, two kinds of approaches were. Az31 and az61, where the aluminium contents were 3% and 6%, respectively. Aluminium alloy commercial alloy 2011 t3 rod and bar.633 578 275 556 113 437 1113 87 1109 1314 204 1090 890 383 770 1252 1560 202 1201 322 389 216 197 491 1052 818 854 717 1472 897 1368 558 134